The Battle of Cropredy Bridge
by Ellen Castelow
Pursued by Parliamentarian forces under the command of Sir William Waller, the two armies eventually found themselves facing each other on opposite banks of the River Cherwell. On the morning of 29th June 1644, Waller ordered his troops to cross the river at Cropredy Bridge and attack the rearguard of the strung out Royalist army.
The Royalist dragoons were soon overpowered, but in crossing the river the Parliamentarian troops had also become vulnerable. The Parliamentarians were eventually beaten back across the river, abandoning eleven guns.
Now short of supplies and under cover of darkness, the Royalist army slipped away taking the captured guns with them. The Royalists had suffered just a few causalities, whilst Waller lost 700 men.
Demoralised and dejected, the Parliamentarians now realised that part-time troops serving far from home were not going to win this war. The New Model Army was formed and took to the field for the first time the following year.
Date: 29th June, 1644
War: English Civil War
Location: Cropredy, near Banbury, Oxfordshire
Belligerents: Royalists and Parliamentarians
Numbers: Around 9,000 for each side
Casualties: Royalists unknown, Parliamentarians around 700.
Commanders: King Charles (Royalists), Sir William Waller (Parliamentarians – pictured below).
More Battles in the English Civil War:
|Battle of Edgehill||23 October, 1642|
|Battle of Braddock Down||19 January, 1643|
|Battle of Hopton Heath||19 March, 1643|
|Battle of Stratton||16 May, 1643|
|Battle of Chalgrove Field||18 June, 1643|
|Battle of Adwalton Moor||30 June, 1643|
|Battle of Lansdowne||5 July, 1643|
|Battle of Roundway Down||13 July, 1643|
|Battle of Winceby||11 October, 1643|
|Battle of Nantwich||25 January, 1644|
|Battle of Cheriton||29 March, 1644|
|Battle of Cropredy Bridge||29 June, 1644|
|Battle of Marston Moor||2 July, 1644|
|Battle of Naseby||14 June, 1645|
|Battle of Langport||10 July 1645|
|Battle of Rowton Heath||24 September, 1645|
|Battle of Stow-on-the-Wold||21 March, 1646|