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Timeline of Events AD 700 - 2012

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To celebrate the Diamond Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II, Historic UK have put together a timeline of historical events that took place between A.D. 700 and 2012, including events such as Magna Carta, the Great Fire of London and the sinking of the Titanic...

 

757        

Offa becomes King of Mercia

782 - 5

Offa builds Offa’s Dyke to keep out the Welsh

787

First recorded raid on England by the Vikings

793

Vikings sack Lindisfarne

bloodied viking warriors

871 - 899

Alfred the Great, King of Wessex

886

King Alfred recaptures London from the Danes

893

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle started

924 - 939

Athelstan, first king of All England

c1000

Old English heroic epic poem ‘Beowulf’ is written

1016

Danes win Battle of Ashingdon.
Canute (Cnut) becomes King of England

1042 - 1066

Reign of Edward the Confessor, King of England

1066

Harold II, King of England

1066

Norman Invasion of England and the Battle of Hastings

1066 - 87

Reign of William the Conqueror

1086

Domesday Survey

1087 - 1100

Reign of William II (William Rufus)

1098-99

First Crusade to the Holy Land

1100-35

Reign of Henry I

1120

White Ship disaster, Henry I’s male heir is drowned

1135 - 54

Reign of Stephen I. Civil War with Matilda

1154-89

Reign of Henry II

1170

Murder of Thomas Beckett in Canterbury Cathedral

1189-99

Reign of Richard I (The Lionheart, pictured below)

Richard the Lionheart CC

1199-1216

Reign of King John

1215

Magna Carta

1216-72

Reign of Henry III

1272-1307

Reign of Edward I (Longshanks, the ‘Hammer of the Scots’)

1276 - 1301

Conquest of Wales

1307 - 27

Reign of Edward II

1327-77

Reign of Edward III

1314

The Battle of Bannockburn, decisive victory for the Scots led by Robert the Bruce

1337-1453

Hundred Years War between England and France

1346

English defeat the French at the Battle of Crecy

1348-9

Black Death

1377-99

Reign of Richard II

1381

Peasant’s Revolt led by Wat Tyler

1399-1413

Reign of Henry IV

1413-22

Reign of Henry V

1415

English defeat French at Battle of Agincourt

1422-61

Reign of Henry VI

1455-85

Wars of the Roses between Henry VI (Lancaster) and the Dukes of York

1461-83

Reign of Edward Duke of York, Edward IV

1476

Caxton sets up the first printing press in Westminster

1483

Reign of Edward V, one of the Princes in the Tower (2 months)

The Princes in the Tower WKPD

1483-85

Reign of Richard III

1485

Invasion of Henry Tudor and the Battle of Bosworth Field.  End of the Wars of the Roses.

1485 - 1509

Reign of Henry VII and the start of the Tudor dynasty

1492

Columbus discovers America

1509-47

Reign of Henry VIII

1513

English victory over the Scots at the Battle of Flodden

1534

Act of Supremacy declaring Henry VIII the Supreme Head of the Church of England

1536 - 40

Dissolution of the Monasteries

1541

Acknowledgement by the Irish Parliament of Henry VIII as king of Ireland and head of the Irish Church

1547-53

Reign of Edward VI

1549

First Church of England Prayer Book, Cranmer’s Book of Common Prayer

1553-58

Reign of Mary I, ‘Bloody Mary’

1558 - 1603

Reign of Elizabeth I

Elizabeth I as a Princess WKPD

1577 - 80

Circumnavigation of the globe by Sir Francis Drake

1587

Execution of Mary Queen of Scots by order of Queen Elizabeth I

1588

Spanish Armada

1600

Foundation of the East India Company

1603

James VI of Scotland crowned James I of England. Tobacco grown in Gloucestershire.

1605

Gunpowder Plot

1607

Founding of the first colony in Virginia by Sir Walter Raleigh

1620

The Pilgrim Fathers sail to the Americas on the Mayflower from Plymouth 

1625

Reign of Charles I

1626-31

Disputes between King and Parliament

1642-46

First Civil War

1642

King raises his standard at Nottingham

1643

Parliamentary Alliance with the Scots

1645

King defeated by Thomas Fairfax at Naseby, 14th June

1646

The last Royalist army is defeated at the Battle of Stow-on-the-Wold, Gloucestershire on 21st March. End of the First Civil War.

Civil War pikemen HUK

1648

Second Civil War

1649

Trial and Execution of Charles I

1651

Charles II invades England, Cromwell defeats Charles at the Battle of Worcester on 3rd September.

1654

First Protectorate Parliament

1658

Death of Cromwell

1660

Restoration of the Monarchy

1660-85

Reign of Charles II

1665

Great Plague

1666

Great Fire of London

1685-88

Reign of King James II

1688

Catholic James II flees

1689-1702

Reign of William and Mary

1690

Battle of the Boyne: William III defeats Irish and French army

1694

Foundation of the Bank of England

1702-1714

Reign of Queen Anne

1707

Union of England and Scotland

1714-27

Reign of George I

1720

South Sea Bubble

1727-60

Reign of George II

1746

The Battle of Culloden, the last battle fought on British soil and the final conflict in the ‘Forty-Five’ Jacobite Rebellion

1760 - 1820

Reign of George III

1776

American Declaration of Independence from Britain

1779

First Iron Bridge built over the River Severn by John Wilkinson

1801

Union of Britain and Ireland. First National Census

1805

Battle of Trafalgar; death of Nelson

1815

Battle of Waterloo; French defeated by Britain and her allies

1820-30

Reign of George IV

1825

Stockton and Darlington Steam Railway opens, first to carry passengers and freight

1830

Reign of William IV

1833

Slavery banned in the British Empire

1835

Christmas becomes a national holiday

1837

Queen Victoria crowned

1841

Penny Red replaces the Penny Black postage stamp

1851

Great Exhibition

1854- 56

Crimean War: Britain and France against Russia

1855

First London Pillar Boxes

1856

First cigarette factory opens in Britain

1862

First London Underground line opens – the Metropolitan Line

1867

Joseph  Lister invents disinfectant

1876

Alexander Graham Bell invents the telephone

1880

Greenwich Mean Time is introduced

Greenwich Observatory Dome HUK

1882

Death of Charles Darwin

1883

Parcel Post starts in Britain

1894

London’s Tower Bridge opens

1897

Queen Victoria’s Diamond Jubilee

1899-1902

Boer War

1901

Death of Queen Victoria

1901-10

Reign of Edward VII

1907

Formation of the Boy Scouts (Girl Guides in 1909)

1910-36

Reign of George V

1912

Titanic sinks

1914-1918

World War One

1916

First tank developed

1918

School leaving age raised to 14

1921

Irish Partition: formation of the Irish Free State

1922

Foundation of the British Broadcasting Company

1928

Women over the age of 21 get the vote in Britain

1936

Accession and abdication of Edward VIII

1936-52

Reign of George VI

1939-45

World War Two

Kentwell Hall - World War 2 Soldier

1946

National Health Service is launched

1951

Festival of Britain

1952-

Reign of Elizabeth II

1969

Investiture of Prince Charles as Prince of Wales

1970

Age of majority reduced from 21 to 18

1973

Britain joins the EEC (European Economic Community)

1982

Falklands War

1989

Berlin Wall comes down; collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe

1997

Britain hands back Hong Kong to China

2012

Queen Elizabeth II’s Diamond Jubilee

 

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