Historic November

Among many other events, November saw of one of London’s best-loved landmarks, the Crystal Palace (see picture above) burn down.

1 Nov. 1858 Following the bloody events of the Indian Mutiny Queen Victoria is proclaimed ruler of India, replacing the reign of the East India Company.
2 Nov. 1936 The world’s first regular TV service was started by the British Broadcasting Corporation, an estimated 100 TV owners tuned in.
3 Nov. 1942 British Field Marshall Bernard Montgomery’s troops break through the front line of Erwin Rommel’s Afrika Corps capturing 9000 prisoners.
4 Nov. 1843 The 5.5 metre statue of Lord Nelson was hauled to the top of its 60 metre column in Trafalgar Square, London.
5 Nov. 1605 Guy Fawkes is arrested beneath the House of Parliament as a plot to blow up England’s King James I is uncovered.
6 Nov. 1429 Henry VI is crowned King of England.
7 Nov. 1917 Bolshevik Red Guards seize control of the Winter Palace and confirm Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (Lenin) as leader of Russia.
8 Nov. 1656 Birth of Edmond Halley, English astronomer and mathematician, best known for identifying the comet named after him.
9 Nov. 1953 Death of the flamboyant Welsh bard Dylan Thomas at the age of 39. His heavy drinking and wild living contributing to his early demise.
10 Nov. 1871 Henry Morton Stanley tracks down “missing” Scottish explorer and missionary David Livingstone to the shores of Lake Tanganyika.
11 Nov. 1918 After four years and 97 days the guns finally fell silent as the Great War ended. Around 9 million lives lost with a further 27 million injured.
12 Nov. 1035 Death of Canute, Danish King of England.
13 Nov. 1850 Birth of Scottish author Robert Louis Stevenson whose classic tales include Treasure Island, Kidnapped and Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde.
14 Nov. 1940 In one raid 449 German Luftwaffe bombers dropped 503 tons of bombs and 881 incendiaries onto the English City of Coventry.
15 Nov. 1968 The largest passenger liner in the world, Cunard’s flagship Queen Elizabeth, docked in Southhampton at the end of her last transatlantic voyage.
16 Nov. 1724 Highwayman Jack Sheppard is hanged at Tyburn, London in front of an estimated crowd of 200,000.
17 Nov. 1558 Death of England’s first ruling Queen, Mary Tudor. Unpopular daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon.
18 Nov. 1852 A massive state funeral for the Duke of Wellington is held in London.
19 Nov. 1620 The 180-ton wine ship Mayflower arrives at Cape Cod, America, it’s passengers, 87 members of a Protestant sect – The Pilgrim Fathers.
20 Nov. 1947 Princess Elizabeth (Queen Elizabeth II) married her cousin Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten (Duke of Edinburgh) at Westminster Abbey.
21 Nov. 1695 Death of Henry Purcell, English composer and organist.
22 Nov. 1963 The world mourns at the news that President John F. Kennedy had been shot and killed in Dallas, Texas.
23 Nov. 1910 American-born Dr Hawley Harvey Crippen was hanged at Pentonville Prison in London after poisoning his wife and dismembering her body.
24 Nov. 1859 Charles Darwin publishes his book Origin of the Species
25 Nov. 1984 Band Aid rock stars gather at Sarm Studios in London to record “Do They Know It’s Christmas”, all proceeds to Ethiopian famine relief.
26 Nov. 1922 Archaeologist Howard Carter and his sponsor the Earl of Caernavon make a hole in the door and gaze into the tomb of Tutankhamun.
27 Nov. 1875 Britain buys shares worth £4 million ($7 million) in the Suez Canal Company.
28 Nov. 1919 Nancy Astor is elected Member of Parliament for Plymouth, Devon, becoming Britain’s first woman MP.
29 Nov. 1641 England’s first newspaper is published.
30 Nov. 1936 One of London’s best-loved landmarks, the Crystal Palace burned down. The huge glass building originally housed the Great Exhibition of 1851.

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