Historic June

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Among many other events, June saw the Marylebone Cricket Club and Hertfordshire play the first match at England's Lord's Cricket Ground (pictured to the left).


1 June.


Television licences were issued in Britain for the first time; they cost £2.

2 June.


On a cold and wet day in London, the Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II took place in Westminster Abbey.

3 June.


Thomas Becket was consecrated as Archbishop of Canterbury.

4 June.


Gruffydd ap Llewellyn, Welsh King of Gwynedd and Powys, defeated an English attack.

5 June.


English missionary Boniface, 'the Apostle of Germany', is murdered in Germany by unbelievers, along with 53 of his companions.

6 June.


D-Day invasion of Normandy by 1 million Allied troops to liberate Western Europe from German occupation.

7 June.


Scotland mourns the death of King Robert I. Better known as Robert de Bruce, he earned a place in Scottish history for his legendary victory over the English at Bannockburn in 1314.

8 June.


Harthacnut, King of England and Denmark, died drunk; he was succeeded in England by his adopted heir, Edward the Confessor, and in Denmark by Magnus, King of Norway.

9 June.


The nation's best loved author Charles Dickens died of a stroke at his home in Gad's Hill Place, Kent. His sudden death is being blamed upon his punishing work schedule, including tours of England and the USA.

10 June.


The Oxford team won the first-ever Oxford and Cambridge University Boat Race. Two eight-men crews raced each other along the River Thames in a contest of rowing power nicknamed simply "The Boat Race".

11 June.


In a private ceremony at the Palace of Placentia, Greenwich, the 18 year old English King Henry VIII married his former sister-in-law Catherine of Aragon, his first wife.

12 June.


The Dutch fleet under Admiral de Ruyter burned Sheerness, sailed up the River Medway, raided Chatham dockyard, and escaped with the royal barge, the Royal Charles.

13 June.


The first V1 flying bomb, or "doodle bug" was dropped on London.

14 June.


In the English Civil War, Oliver Cromwell defeated the Royalists at the Battle of Naseby, Northamptonshire.

15 June.


King John and his barons met on the banks of the River Thames at Runnymede and sign the Magna Carta, thus removing total authority from the monarchy forever.

16 June.


Spain declared war on Britain (after France had offered to assist in the recovery of Gibraltar and Florida), and the siege of Gibraltar began.

17 June.


Francis Drake drops anchor off the south-west coast of America and proclaims England's sovereignty over New Albion (California).

18 June.


British and Prussian forces led by the Duke of Wellington and Gebhard von Blücher defeated Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo, in Belgium.

19 June.


In the midst of World War 1 the British royal family renounced German names (Saxe-Coburg-Gotha) and titles, and adopted the name of Windsor.

20 June.


In India, over 140 British subjects were imprisoned in a cell measuring only 5.4m by 4.2m ('The Black Hole of Calcutta'); only 23 came out alive.

21 June.


Construction work starts on Sir Christopher Wren's St. Paul's Cathedral in London.

22 June.


The Marylebone Cricket Club and Hertfordshire play the first ever cricket match at England's Lord's Cricket Ground.

23 June.


William Penn, the English Quaker, signed a treaty with chiefs of the Lenni Lenape Tribe in an attempt to ensure peace in his new American colony.

24 June.


English King Edward I began his first campaign against the Welsh following Llewelyn ap Gruffydd ap Llewelyn's refusal to pay him homage.

25 June.


Admiral Horatio Nelson is wounded in the arm in a battle with the French and the limb is amputated. This follows the loss of his sight in his right eye some three years earlier.

26 June.


Richard, Duke of Gloucester, began to rule England as Richard III, having deposed his nephew, Edward V. Edward and his brother, Richard, Duke of York, were imprisoned in the Tower of London and later murdered.

27 June.


After 21 days of bloody fighting through the Normandy countryside, Allied forces took Cherbourg.

28 June.


Since early morning crowds had gathered along the route through London that Queen Victoria would take for her coronation in Westminster Abbey.

29 June.


London's Globe Theatre was destroyed by flames as a cannon is fired to announce the king's entrance in Shakespeare's Henry V.

30 June.


Tower Bridge in London was officially opened by H.R.H. The Prince of Wales. After the ceremony the bascules were raised to allow a flotilla of ships and boats to sail down the Thames.


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Historic Events in January

Historic Events in February

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Historic Events in May

Historic Events in June

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